Jülich Citadel by EuroTourData
Jülich Citadel was built 1545 as the part of Jülich Fortress and currently is the oldest citadel to the north of Alps and the best-preserved bastion fortification in Germany. The Citadel contains the Citadel Museum. Jülich Citadel is the protected cultural property in accordance with the Hague Convention. Info is based on the article Zitadelle Jülich of German Wikipedia.
Jülich Citadel info
History of Jülich Citadel
Jülich Citadel was created under the leadership of Alessandro Pasqualini. The Citadel is the four-pointed bastion's fortification with the circumference of about 1200 meters. The citadel is partially surrounded by the moat, 10 meters deep, and 20-30 meters wide. The so-called Palazzo in Fortezza as a place for a prince or duke in an impregnable fortress was implemented in the architecture of the citadel: the castle was built inside the citadel for the residence of the duke.
Protective ramparts, outbuildings, barracks, and castle buildings inside the citadel, built mainly of refractory bricks. As in most of these fortresses, the defensive ramparts consist mainly of earth, which is surrounded by blank walls, the thickness of which can reach five meters from the side of the field. The bomb-proof casemates have a connection through the courtyard to the cannons, which are installed in the separate flanking positions of the four bastions, and underground galleries run almost behind the entire outer wall. The maximum wall thickness on the most threatened northern front is 42 meters. The bastions are about 12-15 meters high from the trench.
The citadel has four bastions:
○ Wilhelmus or Bastion № I: forms the southeastern corner of the citadel.
○ Maria Anna or Bastion № II: forms the northeastern corner of the citadel.
○ St. Salvator or Bastion № III: forms the northwestern corner of the citadel.
○ St. Johannes or Bastion № IV: forms the southwestern corner of the citadel.
|Tourist Audience||Cultural heritage tourism|
|German original name||Zitadelle Jülich|
|Walls thickness||42 meters|
|Bastions high||13 meters|
|Audio||Speech about Jülich Citadel|
|Video||YouTube about Jülich Citadel|
|Street address||In der Zitadelle|
|Google Map||Jülich Citadel|
|Directions to||Jülich Citadel|
|Waze Map||Jülich Citadel|
|Knowledge Panel||Jülich Citadel|
|German name||Museum Zitadelle|
|Parent organization||Jülich town administration|
|Opening hours||April to October from to with admissions fees.|
Nearby Jülich Fortress
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Dataset to Citadel
Tabular dataset and ATOM feed to Jülich Citadel of Jülich Fortress, by EuroTourData.
ETD ID: citad-jul.
Tags: tourist attraction, Germany, North Rhine-Westphalia, fortification, citadel.
Creator: Nikolaj Antonov
Publisher: NikAnt Webkonsult AB