Rosenberg Fortress of Kronach by EuroTourData

Rosenberg Fortress was built around 1249 as the state fortress of the Princes-Bishops of Bamberg. Read more.

Aerial view of Rosenberg Fortress

Rosenberg Fortress info

History of Rosenberg Fortress

It is one of the best preserved fortresses in Bavaria and has never been taken by force in its long history. Including external fortifications, the building area is about 8.5 hectares. The fortress controlled important trade routes to Thuringia and Franconian Forest.

Rosenberg fortress consists of three concentric fortifications rings. The outer line of the fortifications consists of the 5 bastions with curtain walls. These bastions have formed the regular pentagon which was considered to be the ideal form for fortresses. Bastions have artillery casemates.

Rosenberg fortress consists of three concentric fortifications rings. The outer line of fortifications consists of five bastions built in the second half of the 17th century and curtain walls. These bastions have formed the regular pentagon which was considered to be the ideal form for fortresses. Bastions have artillery casemates.

The inner defensive walls have an irregular shape and are up to fourteen meters thick. On the east side of the defensive walls is the round fortified tower called Salt Tower. On the western side are the artillery barracks and the round Slate Tower.

The only direct connections between the inner walls and the outer fortification line are two bridges. These bridges are made of wood so that they can be quickly set on fire in the event of an attack.

On the northern side of the fortress, in front of the outer line of fortifications, the counterguard Charles is located. The inner curve of the counterguard, facing the fortress, has artillery casemates with embrasures through which it was possible to shoot through the entire outer ditch. To the west of the condregard is the ravelin Anton.

During the Peasant War of 1525, Rosenberg Fortress was for some time in the hands of the rebellious peasants, since the council and townspeople of Kronach, led by the prince-bishop, took part in the uprising and surrendered the city and castle without a fight.

During the Second Margravial War Albert Alcibiades, marched before Kronach on 10 October 1553 and demanded the surrender of the fortress. town. Since Kronach refused and the siege of the fortified city with his relatively small troops was impossible, Alcibiades had to retreat without achieving anything.

During the Thirty Years' War in 1632–1634, Kronach and Rosenberg Fortress withstood several attacks and sieges by the Swedes and their German allies. All attacks on the city and the fortress were successfully repulsed.

Info based on the article Festung Rosenberg of German Wikipedia.

Tourist Audience Cultural heritage tourism
German original name Festung Rosenberg
Type Fortress
Built
Condition Largely restored
Public access Free
Audio Speech about Rosenberg Fortress
Video YouTube about Rosenberg Fortress
Street address
Festung 1
Postal code 96317
Town Kronach
State Bavaria
Country Germany
Google Map Rosenberg Fortress
Directions to Rosenberg Fortress
Plus code 9F2H68VH+V5
Waze Map Rosenberg Fortress
Latitude 50.24463
Longitude 11.32798
GeoNames ID 11496857
Knowledge Panel Rosenberg Fortress

Nearby Kronach Fortifications clockwise

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Dataset to Rosenberg Fortress

Tabular dataset and ATOM feed to Rosenberg Fortress of Kronach Medieval Fortifications.

ETD ID: rsmbfrt-krh.

Creator: Nikolaj Antonov - ORCID.

Published: - Central European Summer Time (UTC+02:00).

Publisher: NikAnt Webkonsult AB

License: Free